Nils Leander Huaman-Castilla*, Maria Salome Mariotti-Celis and Jose Ricardo Perez-Correa* Pages 176 - 186 ( 11 )
Carménère is the emblematic grape of Chile. Recent studies indicate that it has a different polyphenolic profile than other commercial varieties of grape among other factors, due to its long maturation period. The grape and wine of Carménère stand out for having high concentrations of anthocyanins (malvidin), flavonols (quercetin and myricetin) and flavanols (catechin, epicatechin and epigallocatechin). These compounds are related to the distinctive characteristic of Carménère wine regarding astringency and color. In vivo and in vitro models suggest some positive effects of these polyphenols in the treatment and prevention of chronic diseases, such as atherosclerosis and cancer. Therefore, there is a high level of interest to develop scalable industrial methods in order to obtain and purify Carménère grape polyphenol extracts that could be used to improve the characteristics of wines from other varieties or produce nutraceuticals or functional foods for preventing and treating various chronic diseases.
Carmenere, polyphenols, flavonols, anthocyanins, flavanols, bioactives.
Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering Department, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Vicuña Mackena 4860, P.O. Box 306, Santiago 7820436, Programa Institucional de Fomento a la Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación Universidad Tecnológica Metropolitana Ignacio Valdivieso 2409, P.O. Box 9845, Santiago 8940577, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile - Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering Department, Santiago, RM