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Antibacterial Properties of Graphene Based Nanomaterials: An Emphasis on Molecular Mechanisms, Surface Engineering and Size of Sheets

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Hazhir Tashan, Kianoush Khosravi-Darani, Fatemeh Yazdian, Meisam Omidi, Mojgan Sheikhpour, Masoumeh Farahani and Abdelwahab Omri*   Pages 159 - 172 ( 14 )

Abstract:


Graphene-based materials with their astonishing properties including exceptional thermal and electrical conductivity, strong mechanical characteristics, as well as antibacterial characteristics have many promising applications in industry and medicine. Graphene-based materials have been utilized in different fields of medicine such as thermal therapy, drug delivery and cancer therapy. In addition, the prevalence of bacterial multidrug resistance has attracted worldwide attention. Therefore, there is a growing tendency to use nanomaterials, especially graphene family to overcome this problem. To date, no specific mechanism for antibacterial activity of graphene-family has been reported. This review briefly discusses the physiochemical properties of graphene nanomaterials with a focus on the different antibacterial mechanisms, surface engineering and nanosheets size to provide a better insight for further research and development.

Keywords:

Antibacterial mechanism, graphene, microbial resistance, nanomaterial, surface engineering, carbon nanotubes.

Affiliation:

Department of Life Science Engineering, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Research Department of Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Life Science Engineering, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Protein Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University, GC, Tehran, Department of Mycobacteriology and Pulmonary Research, Microbiology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Proteomics Research Center, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, The Novel Drug and Vaccine Delivery Systems Facility, Department of Chemistry/Biochemistry, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario, P3E2C6

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