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Mini-Review: “Ball-Type Phthalocyanines”: Similarities and Differences from Mono Phthalocyanines

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 5 ]


Emre Y. Göl and Engin Karabudak*   Pages 410 - 421 ( 12 )


Ball-type phthalocyanines are recently synthesized binuclear derivatives of the widely known phthalocyanine molecule. Due to their cofacially arranged phthalocyanine rings and, strong intramolecular and intermolecular interactions, ball-type phthalocyanines have different properties than their parent molecule. This review describes three different synthesis methods of ball-type phthalocyanines. General differences between a ball-type phthalocyanine and a monophthalocyanine are also discussed. Some potential applications of ball-type phthalocyanines are mentioned. Finally, we consider future prospects of these molecules.


Ball-type phthalocyanine, binuclear molecules, gas sensor, PDT, intramolecular interactions, cofacial conformations.


Department of Chemistry, İzmir Institute of Technology, İzmir, Department of Chemistry, İzmir Institute of Technology, İzmir

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