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An Overview of Acrylonitrile Production Methods: Comparison of Carbon Fiber Precursors and Marketing

Author(s):

Ehsan Firouzi, Hassan Hajifatheali*, Ebrahim Ahmadi and Mohammadreza Marefat   Pages 1 - 19 ( 19 )

Abstract:


Acrylonitrile is a key precursor to the production of a wide range of products in the chemical industries. The major products of acrylonitrile include Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene resin, acrylic fibers, adiponitrile. The demand for production of acrylonitrile is affected by global economy but the development of life standards, the demand for producing acrylonitrile and its derivations is significantly increasing. So that in 2016, China alone produced 32% of world acrylonitrile and acrylonitrile production is expected to have 55% increase in 2021. Acrylonitrile and its derivations have wide application in different industries of car manufacturing, electronics, aerospace and textile. Considering the importance of acrylonitrile precursor in the current world, in this study we discuss and investigate its production processes, copolymers obtained from acrylonitrile, poly acrylonitrile production and its application in the carbon fibers and compare it with other carbon fibers precursors such as mesophase pitch and cellulose. Also we investigation marketing in the world.

Keywords:

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene resin, acrylonitrile production methods, carbon fiber precursor, cellulose, copolymers, mesophase pitch

Affiliation:

Department of Chemistry and Polymer Science, Faculty of Science, University of Zanjan, 45371-38791 Zanjan, Department of Chemistry and Polymer Science, Faculty of Science, University of Zanjan, 45371-38791 Zanjan, Department of Chemistry and Polymer Science, Faculty of Science, University of Zanjan, 45371-38791 Zanjan, Department of Chemistry and Polymer Science, Faculty of Science, University of Zanjan, 45371-38791 Zanjan



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