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Improved Designs of Multifunctional Covalent-Organic Frameworks: Hydrogen Storage, Methane Storage, and Water Harvesting

[ Vol. 18 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Meena Nemiwal, Venu Sharma and Dinesh Kumar*   Pages 1026 - 1036 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Covalent Organic Frameworks (COFs) are covalently bonded polymers that are synthesised applying a bottom-up approach using molecular building units that have pre-designed geometry. COFs are crystalline and have control over the position of building units in two and three dimensions, due to which highly regular, rigid, and porous structures can be developed for tuning chemical and physical properties of the network. The present mini-review provides comprehensive overviews of the applications of the COFs in gas storage and water harvesting.

Keywords:

Covalent organic frameworks, hydrogen storage, water harvesting, methane storage, crystalline polymers, pore surface engineering.

Affiliation:

Department of Chemistry, Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur 302017, Medicinal Chemistry Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Jammu 180001, School of Chemical Sciences, Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar 382030

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